Gelişmekte Olan Ülkelerdeki Kütüphane Felaketleri: Deneyimler ve Geleceğe Doğru Adımlarla İlgili Bir Literatür Taraması

Jerome Idiegbeyan-ose, Roland Izuagbe, Goodluck Ifijeh, Julie Ilogho, Juliana Iwu-James, Ifeakachuku Osinulu

Öz

Afet yönetimi, afete hazırlık ve afet önleme tedbirlerini kapsaması nedeniyle kütüphaneler ve kütüphanecilerin ilgilendiği bir konu olmuştur. Bu çalışmada, gelecekteki olayların önlenmesine veya yönetilmesine yardımcı olabilecek uygulanabilir çözümlerin keşfedilmesi ümidiyle, gelişmekte olan bazı ülkelerdeki kütüphanelerde yaşanan felaketlerle ilgili literatür gözden geçirilmiştir. Çalışmada, başka ülkelerin yanı sıra Mısır, Filipinler, Nepal, Jamaika, Nijerya ve Malavi’de yaşanan kütüphane felaketleri araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada, söz konusu felaketlerden etkilenen kütüphanelerin ilk tepkilerinin zayıf olduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Bu nedenle gelişmekte olan ülkelerdeki kütüphaneler ve kütüphaneciler arasında afet planı ve hazırlığına ihtiyaç olduğu savunulmaktadır. Bunun da ötesinde, çıkış yolu olarak başka konularla birlikte sıralananlar önerilmektedir: Risk değerlendirmesi, afet planı ve politikalarının oluşturulması, zararların azaltılması, afete hızlı müdahale edilmesi ve uygulanabilir kurtarma planı. Araştırma sonucunda, bu önlemlerin ve tavsiyelerin uygulanması halinde felaketlerin önleneceği ve daha iyi yönetilebileceği sonucuna varılmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Afetler; afet yönetimi; kütüphane felaketleri; gelişmekte olan ülkeler; afet planı; zararların azaltılması; kurtarma planı

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Tam Metin: PDF (English)

DOI: 10.15612/BD.2018.687

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